Bovine – an animal belonging to the same animal family as cattle
Brine – water containing a significant amount of salt, used for curing, preserving, developing flavor and washing Spring Brook Farm Cheese in our Cheese House.
Butterfat – The fatty particles in milk that make butter and cheese.
Bull – a male cow.
Calf – a young cow or bull
Coagulate – to make or become semisolid.
Colostrum – the first milk made by a cow for her calf after giving birth.
Compost – decayed plant and other organic materials used in the garden to enrich the soil.
Cow – an adult cow that has had a calf
Cud – partially digested food that is stored in the first stomach. Cows chew their cud in order to help with digestion.
Curd – the solid substance formed when milk coagulates. It is the part of the milk used to make cheese.
Enzyme – a protein that controls biochemical reactions
Evaporate – to change liquid to vapor
Fertilize – to add nutrients to the soil in order to help plants grow
Flake – a piece from a bale of hay
Grain – the seed of wheat, corn, oats or other cereal plants
Hay – special types of grass which are cut, dried, baled and stored as feed for animals
Heifer – a young female cow that has not had a calf
Manure – waste matter from an animal
Mastitis – a disease of the udder
Milk Replacer – the substance used to feed calves which replaces the milk they would drink from the udder of the cow
Pasture – grass covered land that is used for cows to graze in
Pasteurize – a process that uses heat to kill bacteria in raw milk
Raw Milk – milk that has not been pasteurized; contains bacteria
Reading – an award winning semi-soft cheese made here at the Farm
Rennet – a substance used for curdling milk; used in the cheese making process
Sanitary – Clean
Sap – the sugar water from a maple tree that is used to make maple syrup
Soil – the top layer of land
Steer – a young bull
Sugar Bush – an area of a forest with a large population of maple trees which is tapped to collect sap in order to make maple syrup
Sustainable – having the ability to be maintained
Tarentaise – an award winning semi-hard cheese made here at the Farm.
Teamwork – to work cooperatively in a group
Teat – the nipple part of the udder
Udder – the part of the cow where milk is made and stored
Wean – to start feeding a calf food other than milk or milk replacer
Whey – the watery part of curdled milk